Da Nang is famous by the most attractive beaches on the planet, friendly people, delicious food and amazing nature. However, there is another beauty of this city which there are not many people know, it is Da Nang historical sites. It does not need for you to go to other famous place about historical sites such as Hue or Quang Tri province, you still can learn about history of Vietnam throughout wars with France and America with Da Nang tourism.
Dien Hai Citadel
Dien Hai citadel is located in Thach Thang ward, Hai Chau district. This citadel took an important role in the win of war against France of Da Nang people in period of 18558 – 1860. In 1813, Gia Long King ordered to build Dien Hai Citadel in the left bank of Han River, until 1835 under 15th Minh Mang King dynasty, the citadel was moved into land. Dien Hai Citadel has a stop for King, warehouse for food, bullets, gunpower and 30 big cannons. The citadel is in shape of square that was built by bricks in Vauban design. The south part of citadel has disappeared and the north part has been destroyed. Therefore, this is one of Da Nang historical sites faces to the danger of forgotten ruins. Nowadays, there are west, east and the rest of this citadel still remain as it was.
Recently, Dien Hai Citadel has been restored to be as its initial state. A statue of Nguyen Tri Phuong, great general in the battle of Da Nang people against France for independence, has been built in citadel area to commemorate the remarkable time of city. In 1988, Dien Hai Citadel was become National Historical Site by government.
Fifth Military Division Museum
It will be a mistake if missing Fifth Military Division Museum when mentioning about Da Nang historical sites. The museum is located at number 01, Duy Tan street, Hai Chau district, Da Nang city. There are three parts in this museum, outdoor exhibition, indoor exhibition and Ho Chi Minh museum. The outdoor museum shows heavy weapons such as airplanes, tanks, armoured fighting vehicles, artilleries from 75mm to 175mm,etc. Besides, there are other weapons of French and American armies that Fifth military army collected and used in the battles.
Indoor exhibition shows the pictures of Fifth military army in the battles for country independence. There are also exhibits which are collected from the battles showing the fierce of the war. Entering into the indoor exhibition, you will feel like stepping into the war with the lively of pictures and exhibits.
Ho Chi Minh museum is located inside Fifth military museum area. There is a stilt house if Ho Chi Minh which was built to be exactly same design and size of his real house in Ha Noi. Inside this house, there are pictures, exhibits and document which have been accompanied with Ho Chi Minh’s life and revolution journey.
In 1995, Fifth Military Museum was awarded as second-class National Museum.
Tuy Loan village Communal house
Tuy Loan village is located in Hoa Phong ward, Hoa Vang district, Da Nang city. The communal house of Tuy Loan village was built in 1889 in an area of 8000 square meters. This communal house is famous due to its architecture which cannot be found in any other communal houses in Da Nang. Tuy Loan village communal house was built heading toward to a river and view toward to the mountains. With this great location, communal house became more special rather than other Da Nang historical sites. This was the place where local people gathered for demonstrations and battles against French and American armies.
Tuy Loan village communal house has a truly Vietnamese traditional architecture. There are two dragons on the roof of the house which are moving heading to the pearl at the middle. Besides, the house is made with yin and yang tiles, bricks wall in the design of old house. The carved roof of the communal house was made by artist from Kim Bong wood traditional village.
In 1999, government rewarded Tuy Loan village communal house as national historical site.
Cham Museum of Da Nang
One of the most famous destinations of Da Nang historical sites tour is Cham Museum because of its prominent location. Cham Museum is at the intersection of Trung Nu Vuong, Nguyen Van Linh and Bach Dang street, right in the food of Dragon Bridge. The museum was built in 1915 in a truly Cham design. All the exhibits here are collected from the central and central highland provinces. They are made from different materials such as sandstones, bronze and terra-cotta. Depending on the local cultures as well as the location of place where they were found, the exhibits follows different topics. There are lord and god, mascots in Buddhism and Hindu, cultural value of Cham communities. They will make you feel like being lost in history of Vietnam in thousands years ago.
Cham museum now shows more than 500 exhibits in different rooms for different places they are from.
K20 historical site
K20 is an important revolutionary base in the war against America. This is one of Da Nang historical site that has not been exploited for tourism. It is located in Bac My An ward, Ngu Hanh Son district, Da Nang city. There are a small museum that shows many exhibits from the battles including pictures, objects and documents. Moreover, there are some houses of local people still remain secret tunnel which was used for hiding cadreses from American army and a place for secret meeting in the war. Besides, there are communal houses that show truly Vietnamese traditional architecture.
However, this historical site hasn’t been exploited for tourism, you must come to ask local government for permission. They will have a local guide for you to have a better tour in K20 historical site.